Course Duration: 3 Day

Course Format: Lecture type format with case studies, examples and discussions.

Target Participants:

  • Power system practitioners and members of Academia
  • Power system operators and planners
  • Operators and planners from distribution companies

Key Learning Objectives:

This course provides an integrated perspective on renewable generation and the increasing role of Distributed Energy Resources. Participants will gain a comprehensive understanding of the following topics:

  1.  Technical characteristics of renewable generators
  2.  The control and operation of Distributed Energy Resources
  3.  Integration of Renewables with Transmission and Distribution networks
  4.  Network resiliency through Smart Grids
Course Instructor

Puica Nitu is a Utility Executive with extensive experience in all aspects of power systems operation from fundamentals to energy trading, enterprise risk and regulatory oversight. Ms. Nitu has contributed to complex projects including real time applications and long-term planning (i.e., power system reliability, stability, planning and operational standards). She specializes in Smart Grids, Renewable Generation, Reliability, Financial Engineering, Energy Markets and Power System Integration.

Ms. Nitu has worked for over 25 years with Ontario Power Generation (Revenue $1.2 Billion) and has reviewed NERC and NPCC standards for the Ontario electricity market. Currently, Ms. Nitu is a member of NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada), IEEE and Elsevier (since 1990).

Other experiences include a strategic advisory role with a Canadian law firm to assist a large pension fund in investing in renewables and infrastructure projects. Ms. Nitu co-founded the Canadian Institute World Energy System (1994) where she organized Energy Conferences in Canada, Romania, Japan, Italy and at the Academy of Science in Russia.

Puica Nitu has chaired international conferences, lectured on several continents, published a book, as well as over 25 technical papers including a policy position paper in the Ontario Journal for Public Policy. Ms. Nitu has also delivered a successful seminar organized by the Power Engineering Society, IEEE, followed by a dynamic international activity, with seminars delivered to power companies worldwide: SEC, Saudi Arabia, TNB, Malaysia, EDP, Portugal , ESKOM, South Africa, Japan, RENEL, Romania, and others. With strong leadership capabilities, Puica Nitu has a proven record in bringing people together and speaking at the right level across organizations.

Puica Nitu is a member of the Professional Engineers of Ontario, Canada.

Course Highlights:
BULK ELECTRICITY SYSTEM

      • Generation System
      • Transmission and Distribution Systems
      • North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC) Standards and Requirements

TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES

      • Distinction between Renewable Resources and Distributed Energy Resources
      • Hydroelectric Generation
      • Wind Generation
      • Solar Generation
      • Energy Storage

WIND POWER GENERATION

      • Energy Forecasts
      • Economic Dispatch and Wind Power
      • Should Wind displace Gas?
      • Case Studies

SOLAR POWER GENERATION

      • Concentrated Solar Power
      • Photovoltaic Solar Power
      • Short Term variability of a Photovoltaic Resource
      • Commercial
      • Residential
      • Solar Energy Forecast
      • Impacts on Load Forecasting

HYDROELECTRIC GENERATION

      • How the Hydroelectric Power System Works
      • Run of the River
      • Hydroelectric plants with Dam
      • Pumping Generating Plants
      • Small Hydroelectric
      • Energy and Ancillary Products
      • Interconnection of Hydroelectric Resources to the Grid

OPERATION OF THE POWER SYSTEM IN THE CONTEXT OF A MARKET

      • Day Ahead and Real Time Markets
      • Operating Reserves in a System with Renewable Generation
      • Variability in Generation – Variability in Load
      • Contingency Reserves
      • Regulating Reserves
      • Following Reserves
      • Ramping Rates
      • Ancillary products: AGC, Voltage and Var Regulation

ROLE OF POWER ELECTRONICS IN THE OPERATION AND CONTROL OF RENEWABLE GENERATION

      • Embedded Solar Power
      • Photovoltaic Systems with Energy Storage and Controls
      • Islanding Capabilities
      • Inverter Active Regulation; Inverter Bridge/Invertor Controller
      • New Dynamic Challenges with a High Penetration of Renewable Power

FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF RENEWABLE GENERATION

      • Avoided Capacity Cost
      • Cost Recovery Mechanisms
      • Financial Planning and Budgeting
      • Cost and Life Cycle
      • Adjustment Energy Cost: Global Energy Charges
      • Commercial Terms and Structures of Renewable Contracts
      • Feed in Tariffs in Canada and Malaysia
      • CASE STUDY: Solar Project and Installation Costs

GENERATION AND TRANSMISSION PLANNING WITH RENEWABLE RESOURCES

      • Cost analysis of Renewables for Long-term Planning
      • Grid Connectivity Assessments
      • Integrated Resource Planning with Renewables

RISKS AND CHALLENGES OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES

      • CASE STUDY: Lessons Learned from Other Jurisdictions

CONSIDERATIONS OF SMART GRIDS

      • Communication Requirements
      • Optimal Configuration
      • Electrical Substations
      • Digital Substations
      • Relief to Distribution Utilities

LOAD MANAGEMENT IN A SYSTEM WITH DISTRIBUTED RESOURCES

      • Enabling Demand Response, Storage and Distributed Energy Resources
      • Volumetric Risk
      • Weather Response

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION

      • AC and DC Networks using Semi Conductor Switches
      • Power Electronics for Renewable Generation
      • Static Var Compensators
      • Distribution Voltage and VAR Control
      • Smart Inverters
      • Intelligent Transformers

ELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE

      • Storage Technologies
      • Electric Vehicles

SMART GRID ARCHITECTURAL PLATFORMS

      • Roadmap and Architecture
      • Systems Interface Architecture
      • Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

SMART METER INFRASTRUCTURE

      • Controllers for Local Energy Networks
      • Residential Energy Management Systems
      • Big Data

CYBER SECURITY

      • Security Compliance
      • Blockchain – The Next Line of Defence