The energy market is evolving and becoming more distributed. Renewable resources and energy storage are becoming increasingly viable as technologies improve and costs decline. Microgrids that can incorporate these technologies and operate independently from the larger utility grid can provide environmental benefits, power reliability, and resiliency for campuses and communities.
This study – a collaborative effort between utilities, CEATI’s Strategic Options for Integrating Emerging Technologies and Distributed Energy Program, and ICF – evaluates how energy storage is being utilized in microgrids and develops best practices for integrating energy storage technologies. In this study, current microgrids are researched and analyzed, key stakeholders are identified and interviewed, and four microgrid case studies are developed – highlighting how energy storage is being used. From these case studies, benefits, challenges, and best practices are identified based on experiences of incorporating energy storage into microgrids.
There is no single solution for a microgrid or an energy storage system, but rather a multitude of potential use cases and possibilities that can be achieved with different microgrid configurations. The insights gained from reviewing literature, interviewing stakeholders, developing case studies, and identifying best practices for integrating energy storage within microgrids will help end-users, developers and utilities understand how microgrids with energy storage are being utilized and how they may be effectively used in the future.
Energy Storage, Microgrids, Distributed Energy Resources, Case Studies, Best Practices