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Project: T201700 #7071

The legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada and some US states has generated a new sector with significant energy needs. This budding industry is creating a need for policymakers and utilities to better understand the energy requirements of the sector and find ways to manage demands on energy systems.

The objectives of the study are twofold: to assess and document baseline consumption of electricity and natural gas for cannabis warehouse and greenhouse operations, and to document best practices, available technologies, and implementation costs for saving energy in both warehouse and greenhouse facilities. The outcome of this work will form an important base of industry knowledge and bridge the gap to provide up to date and comprehensive information regarding energy use in cannabis facilities, from which future conservation activities might be developed.

This report presents results including estimated energy consumption from 2019 to 2024 in British Columbia, Ontario, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington; energy saving measures applicable to the indoor cannabis sector and considerations for interactive effects; technical and economic savings potential by measure for greenhouse and warehouse facilities in each region; energy management strategies used in the cannabis sector today including codes and standards and demand side management (DSM) programs; common barriers to DSM programs seeking to target the cannabis industry, and suggested program design approaches and tools that program provides can use to help engage the cannabis sector in DSM programming.


Energy Management for Cannabis, Cannabis Greenhouse, Cannabis Warehouse, Energy Saving Measures, Energy Savings Potential, Demand Side Management, Market Characterization.